Language tip of the week: jobsPosted by Kati Sule on January 11, 2012
In this weekly microblog, we bring to English language learners more useful content from the Macmillan Dictionary. These tips are based on areas of English (e.g. spelling, grammar, collocation, synonyms, etc) which learners often find difficult.
This week’s language tip helps with key words which are used for talking or writing about jobs.
job: what you do regularly to earn money, especially what you do for a particular company or person.
A full-time job is a job that you do for at least the same number of hours a week as people usually work.
A part-time job is a job that you do for fewer hours a week than people usually work: My first job was helping in a pet shop. ♦ a full-time bookkeeper ♦ He works full-time for the council. ♦ a part-time bartender ♦ I teach part-time now.
work: something that you do to earn money, or the place where you go to do it: I’ve got a lot of work on at the moment. ♦ Dan’s at work.
career: the jobs someone does over a period of time that involve a particular type of work: a long career in the civil service ♦ a medical career
profession: a type of job that you need a lot of education or special training to do, or all the people who do a particular job like this: I’m a doctor by profession. ♦ the legal profession
occupation: (formal) your usual job: What is your current occupation and salary?
post: a particular job within a company or organization, especially a job with some responsibility: She applied for the post of Senior Marketing Manager at Cadbury Schweppes.
position: a particular job: used especially in advertisements for available jobs: a vacancy for the position of night watchman
getting a job
apply: to officially say, usually in a letter or on a special form, that you would like to be considered for a particular job
CV: a list of your qualifications and work experience that you send to someone who you are hoping to work for
job seeker: (formal) someone who is looking for a job
applicant: someone who applies for a particular job
candidate: someone who is competing with other people for a particular job
interview: a meeting with the people you are hoping to work for where they ask you questions and find out more about you
interviewee: an applicant who is asked to come for an interview
leaving a job
resign: to officially say that you are going to leave your job
quit: (informal) to leave a job
sack or fire: to tell someone that they must leave their job, especially because their work is not good or they have done something wrong: She’s been fired for not meeting her sales targets.
make someone redundant: to tell someone that they no longer have a job because they are not needed any more
retire: to stop working, usually because you are old
not having a job
unemployed or jobless: used for describing someone who does not have a job but who would like to have one: used also as a noun for referring to people in this position as a group: a jobless welder ♦ Her brother has been unemployed for over a year. ♦ measures to help the unemployed find work
out of work: used for describing someone who does not have a job but who would like to have one: She’s been out of work for six months.
retired: used for describing someone who is not working because they are old: a retired army officer
More language tips
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[…] offer vocabulary or grammar related to that topic. For example, this week, their topic was ‘JOBS‘ and they offered a lot of great job vocabulary such as job types (full time, part-time), and […]