Word of the Day

schmuck

The actor Harrison Ford described himself as a ‘schmuck‘ last week after he mistakenly landed his plane on a taxiway at John Wayne Airport in Orange County. To land, he had to fly directly over a Boeing 737 commercial jet with 116 people on board. He was then heard on the radio to the control tower: “Yeah, hi, it’s Husky Eight-Niner Hotel Uniform and the ‘schmuck‘ that landed on the taxiway.”

A near miss by the sounds of things. Good job he wasn’t in the Millennium Falcon!

schmuck

someone who is stupid

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Macmillan Dictionary

Macmillan Dictionary

Macmillan Dictionary is an award-winning, one-stop reference for English learners and speakers around the world.

13 Comments

  • Hello and thanks for your comment.
    Macmillan Dictionary is a learner’s dictionary and we do not generally give or discuss word origins. They are usually to be found in dictionaries designed for native speakers, such as the Oxford Dictionary of English or Collins English Dictionary.
    We do occasionally give explanations of the stories behind unusual words, such as terms from literature or mythology. You can find them at the relevant entries under the title Word Story.

  • If you included the word’s origin, you’d realize that your definition is misleading if not wrong altogether. Yes, I have seen other dictionaries state the word means “stupid or foolish” but I think these are just remnants of more polite time. Usually, these same entries also mention “jerk,” which is closer to the true Yiddish usage. The word literally refers to a part of the male anatomy and it’s often used in exactly the same way we use an English slang term (for the same body part) to refer to someone who “stupidly” treats other people badly. When you leave that part out, Harrison Ford’s comment could be construed as “Whoops, I’m the stupid guy that made a mistake,” but more likely he meant it as “Yep, I’m the @#$! that just imposed on others because of my own stupidity.”

  • Jewish language? What’s that? Perhaps we are speaking about Hebrew and Yiddish which has its roots in German. The Google translator says that the German meaning of schmuck is Jewelry. When I took German I learned that schmuck was an adornment. In Yiddish it has come to mean penis and in English it is a vulgar word for the same.

  • Thanks for the interesting comments.
    Mamaya Na Lang, you are correct to say that there is no such thing as a ‘Jewish language’; what the commenter meant I’m sure is Yiddish (as opposed to Hebrew).
    B Silver: I agree that ‘jerk’ is closer in meaning than our rather bland definition. As a learner’s dictionary we try to define words in a way that can be understood by the average learner of English, and to define schmuck as ‘jerk’ would not be very helpful to such a user. But we will certainly be taking another look at this entry.
    And although, as noted above, we don’t usually give etymologies, your comments have also given us another idea, which is to provide Word Stories for some of the Yiddish terms in our dictionary. We will be releasing an update later this year, so Watch this Space, as they say.

  • Sure, learners need to know nice, simple meanings and common usage, but there’s a significant difference between saying ‘I’m so stupid’ and ‘I’m such a shmuck!’, which could be deemed offensive by the listener. Learners need this information, too.

  • Thanks Daniel. You are absolutely right and this is why we are revising this entry for the forthcoming new release of Macmillan Dictionary.

  • it’s very interesting that people prefer to believe the definition of a word is vile rather than the true meaning. yes, friends, i married a Schmuck. this is why i am familiar with the true meaning. Schmuck is actually a German word. if you go to Germany you will see this word on many businesses. these are jewelry stores, and the meaning of the word Schmuck is jewelry, or literally, a beautiful adornment. the Yiddish word is a slang word that was the original German word. when you say someone is a schmuck, you are totally missing the real meaning, but that’s a choice, isn’t it? we all choose our way of thinking, but usually we don’t choose to offend people by misusing their name. i am sensitive for my husband, not for me. he is not as sensitive. 🙂

  • I thought that schmuck meant idiot until some Jewish boys in my class explained that it meant penis in Hebrew. Both schmuck and dick are used interchangably in English slang to mean a foolish and annoying person, or schmuck also means a gullible person who was tricked or conned by someone else.

  • My late parents, who were first generation children of recent immigrants from eastern Europe often referred to Yiddish as “Jewish.” I think the original spelling of Yiddish, which was something like “Juedisch,” would probably translate as Jewish from German or Yiddish.

    So, I think people who grew up in Yiddish-speaking households, or households that spoke both English and Yiddish, would sometimes refer to Yiddish as “Jewish.” I don’t think it’s incorrect to call it Jewish, since that seems to be the colloquial term employed by many Jews.

    From wikipedia: “The term “Yiddish”, short for “Yiddish-Teitsch” (Jewish German), did not become the most frequently used designation in the literature until the 18th century. In the late 19th and into the 20th century the language was more commonly called “Jewish”, especially in non-Jewish contexts, but “Yiddish” is again the more common designation.”

    As far as the meaning of “schmuck”–well….it does have multiple meanings. As i found out to my embarassment once in a public discussion. To many in my audience, it was better known for its vulgar meaning.

    I don’t necessarily agree with the comment above that, in English, “schmuck” and “dick” have interchangeable meanings of a foolish or annoying person. When I hear someone call someone else a “dick,” I think it means someone who is more than annoying, perhaps a nasty or bad person. I rarely hear it used to describe anyone. I have heard “schmuck” a lot over the years, and it is usually employed to describe someone who is foolish, dumb, or pathetic, but not necessarily bad.

    Shirley, the original German meaning of “adornment,” makes sense. It is very possible that Jews used the word because it could be used to describe a male “adornment” or penis.

  • I’m certainly not fluent in either Hebrew or Yiddish but I did read somewhere that “Schmuck” is a derivative Yiddish slang of the German word for “adornment” that is even more precise than simply referencing the penis AS an adornment but actually an adornment OF the penis, i.e. the skin that is removed from a male baby during the ritual of circumcision. I’m open to verifications /rejections of this theory though please be aware that I couldn’t possibly have made this up.

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