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2 Comments

  • Would the adjective, fun-filled, be considered a participle since “filled” is the past tense form of a verb?

  • Hi. I’m not a grammarian so I stand ready to be corrected.
    Our definition for ‘participle’ says ‘the form of a verb used in compound tenses and as an adjective’; so in phrases like ‘filled rolls’ or ‘rented houses’ what you have is a participle acting as an adjective. I’d call ‘fun-filled’ an attributive adjective, one that is made up of a noun (fun) and the past participle of the verb fill (filled). I say attributive because I don’t think you say ‘the holiday was fun-filled’.
    As a lexicographer the interesting thing to me about fun-filled is how it likes to pair up with other hyphenated adjectives: you can see this very clearly by looking at a corpus. So you get fun-filled appearing alongside other combinations such as ‘action-packed’, ‘family-oriented’, ‘family-friendly’, ‘stress-free’, ‘fast-paced’, and ‘non-stop’. These adjective combinations are made up of a variety of word classes including nouns and adjectives as well as participles. When the modifying part (-free, -friendly, non-) combines very readily with other words we call it a prefix or a suffix. -filled probably doesn’t combine freely enough to be regarded as a suffix.