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Is ‘invite’ acceptable as a noun?

© Royalty-Free / CorbisLast week a friend told me to expect ‘an invite’ to something. This was unremarkable in the context, but I know people who would insist on saying invitation even when it might sound inappropriately formal. Invite is a word whose use as a noun seems destined to always raise hackles. For some people it depends on the circumstances: they can accept it, and might even use it, in text messages and casual speech, but they object to it in formal writing. For others, regardless of register, the usage is just too big an ask.

In her article on ‘nouning’, Gill Francis observed that invite has been used as a noun since the 17th century. You might think this would have rendered it inoffensive by now, but longevity is no guarantee that a usage will become tolerated. Even so, public condemnation sometimes overshadows the facts, so it’s a good idea to consult up-to-date dictionaries and usage authorities when assessing a word’s acceptability.

Here we find near-consensus on the status of invite as a noun. The short answer may be found in Macmillan Dictionary’s entry for invite (n.), where it is labelled ‘informal’ – no moral judgement, just guidance on context. For a longer answer we can go back almost a century to Fowler, who wrote that ‘it has never, even as a colloquialism, attained to respectability’. Remove the reference to colloquialism and that’s essentially where we still find it. Robert Burchfield’s new Fowler says the usage has ‘never quite made its way into uncriticized neutral use’, while the Columbia Guide to Standard American English does not consider it fully standard. Most authorities either censure it or stress its unsuitability in formal English.

Speaking of stress: the word’s pronunciation changes for the noun. While the accent falls on the second syllable in the verb invite, it switches to the first in the noun invite. This is often the case in English; the same pattern applies to contest, rebel, record, project, and many other disyllabic words.

With another throw of the historical dice, invite as a noun might have developed as the norm, with invitation considered an inkhornish variant. But invitation got there first and established itself as the noun of choice. Flannery O’Connor and William Makepeace Thackeray both used invite as a noun – but in letters. When it appears in edited writing it quite often marks a light or jocular tone. It may even by framed by scare quotes to mark its less-than-wholly-proper stature.

But we can acknowledge all this without lambasting the word as a ‘needless barbarism’, as one critic did. Can we omit needless accusations of barbarity? That’s my invite to the critics.

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About the author


Stan Carey

Stan Carey is a freelance editor, proofreader and writer from the west of Ireland. Trained as a scientist and TEFL teacher, he writes about language, words, books and more on Sentence first, Macmillan Dictionary Blog and elsewhere. He tweets at @StanCarey.


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