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Origin and usage
The noun Ramadan is a borrowing from words in Turkish, Persian and Arabic. It was first used in English in the 16th century.
Today marks the end of the first week of Ramadan, the month of fasting between dawn and sunset observed by Muslims. Because the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar rather than the solar cycle, the timing of Ramadan varies year by year, moving eleven days earlier each year and moving through all the months of the year over a period of about three decades. The fast is broken daily with the post-sunset meal or iftar. This is often a sociable moment, with friends and families eating together. This year, however, social distancing regulations mean that people are expected to stay in household groups, and any wider socializing has to be done remotely using social media and other electronic tools.
Eid, iftar, suhoor
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