common errors in English improve your English Learn English

Language tip of the week: economic and economical

In this weekly post, we bring more useful content from the Macmillan Dictionary to English language learners. These tips are based on areas of English (e.g. spelling, grammar, collocation, synonyms, etc) which learners often find difficult. Here is some advice about the adjectives economic and economical:

People often confuse economic and economical.

Use economical to describe methods, products, machines etc that are not expensive or do not waste money or other resources:

✗ They want people to buy more economic cars.
✓ They want people to buy more economical cars.
✗ Email is an efficient and economic way of contacting a large number of people.
✓ Email is an efficient and economical way of contacting a large number of people.

Use economic to describe things that are related to the economy of a country and how well it is performing:

✗ a long period of economical growth
✓ a long period of economic growth
✗ a serious economical crisis
✓ a serious economic crisis

The related adverb for both adjectives is economically:

help for some of the country’s most economically depressed communities
The average domestic heating system could be run much more economically.

More language tips

Browse the list under the ‘language tips‘ tag here on the blog for more useful language tips.

Would you like to improve your vocabulary? Follow our daily tweets @MacLearnEnglish or visit our Learn English Facebook Page.

Email this Post Email this Post

About the author

Liz Potter

Liz Potter

1 Comment

Leave a Comment