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  • English also has some other riparian words (riparian in the sense of definition no. 1: “associated with ….. the bank of a river”).

    The word ‘river’ is descended from Latin ‘ripa’, originally meaning ‘bank’ (of a river) rather than the water itself. Hence also ‘riviera’, referring to the land, not the water.

    Your ‘rivals’ are, etymologically, the people who use the same stream or river as you – for drinking water, fishing, washing etc. It’s interesting that this etymology, together with the way the meaning has developed, encode the notion that neighbours are necessarily competitors!

    The word ‘arrive’ is derived from ‘ad ripam’ (‘to the bank, to the shore’) and is a reminder of times when far more journeys than today, ranging from river crossings to lengthy voyages, involved using boats.

    And, last but not least, the verb ‘derive’ itself is a metaphorical extension of ‘derivare’ (de+rivare) meaning to draw off water from a source.

    So this little flotilla of words, which have meandered variously through Vulgar Latin, Italian and French, been subject to assimilation and fricativisation on the way, and been washed up on the shores of the English language, all spring from the same source.

    And, as regards the imagined meaning of ‘riparian’ “relating to people who have reached a ‘ripe old age’ and are ready to drop off the tree of life”, I suppose the next stage is RIP-arian, i.e. someone who’s already dropped off!

  • Jonathan, that really is completely fascinating – thanks. Now if I’m perturbed by the prospect of ‘rivals’, I’ll just picture myself at the riverside, giving them a gentle push and …. splosh! 😉

  • Funny that is a word I have always known and seen used in official documents too. I wish you well in your ongoing search for “new” English words, Laine. I loved the spin put on it as in RIP, and would make a wondefrful crossword clue!

  • This word always makes me chuckle, as it reminds me of Hyacynth Bucket (the snobby star of BBC’s “Keeping up Appearances.” This hostess, in an attempt to impress people, forced guests to haul furniture and food great distances along a canal, to enjoy one of her picnics with “riparian entertainment.” 🙂